Vico and the Transformation of Rhetoric in Early Modern Europe
David L. Marshall
Giambattista Vico is usually thought of as an important figure in the early modern section of the rhetorical canon. But historians of rhetoric have often struggled to account adequately for the distance between early works, like the Study Methods (where rhetoric was front and center), and later works, the New Science in particular, where rhetoric—as an explicit concern—had disappeared. This book argues that Vico “sublimated” the rhetorical tradition by taking its terms and tactics out of the realm of oratory and applying them to the theorization of communicative systems in a broader sense. As a professor of rhetoric, Vico was deeply invested in the explanatory power of the Greco-Roman tradition. Yet as a historian of a failed coup d’état at Naples in 1701, he was also conscious of the differences between the eighteenth-century Neapolitan polity in which he lived and the classical exemplars—democratic Athens, republican Rome—that had so often fired the rhetorical imagination. The book traces the transposition of originally rhetorical concepts onto new communicative practices: experimental science as performance, legal institutions as modes of collective writing, poetic improvisation as cultural code.
Voices Without Votes: Women and Politics in Antebellum New England
Ronald J. Zboray and Mary Saracino Zboray
Based on meticulous and original archival research, this study definitively shows that despite contemporary “woman’s sphere” prescriptions advising them to stay out of public affairs, a number of New England women in the antebellum era amply demonstrated political consciousness and proffered partisan opinions with little social reprobation for having overstepped their “proper” role. Voices without Votes rescues the “voices” of these women who, though barred from voting, nevertheless thought and acted in a deeply political manner. This long-awaited volume offers a startling counter to the traditional view that antebellum politics was solely a man’s world.
Hitting First: Preventive Force in U.S. Security Strategy
William W. Keller and Gordon R. Mitchell
Hitting First presents interdisciplinary research from the Ridgway Center for Security Studies working group on preventive military intervention. Co-editor Gordon Mitchell chaired the working group, which brought together argumentation theorists, international relations scholars, and former government officials to consider the political and military dimensions of security strategies that assert a prerogative to strike adversaries before they pose an imminent threat.
Feeling Mediated: A History of Media Technology and Emotion in America (Critical Cultural Communication)
“An engaging work on emotion-inducing and sensing technologies, the concerns surrounding them, and their uptake within the early- to mid-20th century scientific community. Replete with fascinating gems that reveal our preoccupation with emotionality and its relationship to communication technologies, Feeling Mediated is a compelling foray not only into the history of media but also that of media studies.”
In Sophistical Rhetoric in Classical Greece, John Poulakos offers a new conceptualization of sophistry, accounting for the shape and direction of sophistical rhetoric and explaining why Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle found it objectionable.
The Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl
"This meticulously researched and sensitively argued book shines a light on the little-known public health crisis Chernobyl created in Belarus and the coping strategies adopted by local citizens, largely abandoned by their government, who had to live in an environment haunted by invisible radioactive contamination. The efforts of local researchers, activists, and health officials to make the extent of the catastrophe visible were overwhelmed by regional politicians, international organizations, and journalists telling a story about the 'radiophobia' of Chernobyl's victims. Drawing adeptly on the science studies literature, Kuchinskaya makes an important and original argument about the effort that is required to make a disaster visible. This book will be of interest to readers in environmental studies, public health, Russian politics, communication studies, and nuclear policy."
(Hugh Gusterson, Professor of Cultural Studies, George Mason University; author of Nuclear Rites and People of the Bomb)
Human Rights Rhetoric: Traditions of Testifying and Witnessing
Human Rights Rhetoric initiates important interdisciplinary conversations within human rights rhetoric concerning the construction of rights, knowledge, the role of advocacy, and politics of representations during acts of witnessing.